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Kasaragod


 
Kasaragod
Map of Kerala showing location of Kasaragod
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Location of Kasaragod
Kasaragod
Location of Kasaragod
in Kerala and India
Country  India
State Kerala
District(s) Kasaragod
Population 52,683 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
• Elevation

• 19 m (62 ft)

 

Kasaragod is a town and amunicipality in Kasaragod district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the administrative headquarters of Kasaragod District as well as of Kasaragod Taluk. The city was formerly calledKanjirakuttom. Kasaragod is also the northernmost municipality of Kerala.

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Language

The Kasaragod District is uniquely known for its Multi-Linguistic Culture and it is the best example for the "Linguistic Harmony".

Kasargod is one of the rare districts in India which houses as many as 7 different languages (excluding dialects and tribal languages), with each spoken by a substantial number of people.

Its principal and recognized administrative languages are Malayalam, and KannadaTuluBeary bashe and Konkani are also widely used. Besides these MarathiUrdu and Hindi are also spoken here.

The Malayalam spoken here has influences from Beary bashe and also from the languages of Urdu, Kannada, Konkani and Tulu. Like wise The Kannada and Tulu spoken here are also influenced by Malayalam.


Tourism

Kasaragod has many tourist destinations.

Also visit Kasaragod District

A few are given below:

Bekal Fort Beach

Bekal Fort

Bekal is the most famous tourist destinations in Kasargod. The unique Bekal Fort stands amidst the roaming but heartening music of the seas along with the eternal note of the unending waves, carrying the thrilling memories of a bygone era. This foremost souvenir of the 'Gods own Country' remains undeterred over the ages as a silent witness to centuries of eventful yester years. The Bekal Fort has been a source of attraction for historians, tourists and nature - lovers for centuries since it embodies memories of a glorious past. Bekal Fort happens to be the biggest fort of Kerala spreading over forty acres. The important features of this fort are the tank with its flight of steps, the opening of the tunnel towards the South, the magazine for keeping ammunition and the broad and wide steps leading to the Observation Tower is a rarity. From there one has ample view of all the important places in the vicinity like Kanhangad, Pallikare, Bekal, Kottikulam Uduma etc. This observation centre has strategic significance in finding out even the smallest movements of the enemy and ascertaining the safety of the Fort.

Malik Deenar Mosque. The Mosque was founded by Malik Ibn Dinar and is situated in the part of city called Thalankara. It is distinguished for its unique architectural style, which strongly resembles a traditional Kerala kovilakam. An important local celebration takes place every year in commemoration of the arrival of Malik Ibn Dinar. The uroos attracts pilgrims from all around India and world.

The proposed Ranipuram wild life sanctuary will be situated 45 km East of Kanhangd. Ranipuram is also famous for its hill station.

Mallikkarjuna Temple dedicated to lord Siva and lord Ganapathi, is situated in the heart of Kasaragod city. During Ganesh Chaturthi andShivaratri, there are special celebrations in the temple premises.

Theruvatthu Mosque situated on M.G road, is an important pilgrimage center for Muslims. During Uroos, the Mosque draws people from all over India.

Madhur Temple, is 6.5 km from Kasaragod. On the banks of serene Madhuvahini river, stands the imposing structure of Madhur Ananteshwara Vinayaka Temple, with its turrets and gables and the copper plate roofing, standing tall in front of paddy fields and gardens. It is a Shiva temple with Srimad Anantheshwara as its presiding deity. The sivalingam of the temple is said to be founded by a harijan woman, Madharu. The main festival is Moodappaseva, which involves a huge figure of Ganapathy being covered with appam. It requires lakhs of rupees for its conduct thus making it a periodic festival. The rich architecture, imposing structure of the temple, with its turrests and gables and the copper plate roofing rises majestically against the beautiful land scape of hills paddy fields and gardens with the river Madhuvahini flowing leisurely in front of it. It is said that the temple was attacked by Tippu Sultan of Mysore during his invasion and he felt thirsty and drunk the water from the temple well, which changed his mind and left the temple without damaging it. There is a mask on the temple which is said to be made by Tippu with his sword.

Chandragiri Fort was built in 17th century by Tippu Sultan, just 3 km from the city. It has a large square situated high above the Chandragiri river on its southern bank. The fort it said to have been built in the 17th century by Sivappa Nayak of Bednore, who established his authority over the area and built a chain of forts. The Chandragiri river, on the bank of which it rises, marked the traditional boundary between Kerala and the Tuluva Kingdom. There is a beautiful bridge over the Chandragiri river at Thekkil, five miles from Chandragiri. A mosque is situated nearby and the view of the bridge with the mosque in the background is one of the most attractive sights on a drive along the NH 17 from Kannur to Kasargod. A longest railway tunnel in Kerala passes through Chandragiri Hills. A boat club has been recently started here.

Kanipura (Kumbala) temple is famous for its festival in the month of January. The fireworks (vedikketu / Bedi) is famously followed for many years. This temple is one of the four main temples built by the then king of Maippady palace.

C.P.C.R.I - the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, is an international research institute under I.C.A.R (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), which promotes research on plantation crops. It is just 4 km from city. The nearby beach called C.P.C.R.I beach is beautiful and is famous for its beautiful sunset. Also the fishing village nearby, situated on shore of a natural lake is an awesome sight.

Mogral is famous for its football shock. "Brothers Mogral" is a sports club which plays with its famous players all around Kerala. Kuthiripp Muhammad is one who worked best for bringing the football up in Mogral.

Govt. College, Kasaragod is situated in Vidyanagar, which about 6 kilometers from Kasaragod Railway Station and Town. This college is well known for its Department of Geology and also other science, arts and commerce departments.

The Mallam Durga Parameshwari Temple in Kerala is located in Muliyar Village in Kasaragod district, hardly 3 kilometers from Bovikanam. The presiding deity of this temple is Goddess Durga Parameshwari. The special feature of the Mallam Durga Parameshwari Temple is daily Annadanam which consists of distributing food among the devotees. During Tuesdays and Fridays the temple premises are crowded with devotees. They offer their prayers seeking a prosperous future and a happy living. At Mallam Durga Parameshwari Temple the Annual Festival lasts for 7 days and it is a time for joy and celebration. It is believed that the blessings of these poor men are indispensable for a blissful sustenance. It is next only to God's blessings. Moreover the temple of Goddess Durga Parameshwari is mostly visited by the women who offer their worship here. They keep "Vrath" in order to please the mother goddess who would bring peace and happiness to their lives. According to Kerala's popular legend, Goddess Durga killed the demon Daruka. Elsewhere in India it is Mahisasura whom she killed. Goddess Durga Parameshwari executed the two dangerous demons known as Chanda and Munda. She is the incarnation of Shakti on earth. It is the divine power that enables the sustenance on earth. She is therefore armed with Shiva's trident, Kumaara's spear, Indra's thunderbolt and Vishnu's discus and mace. Enamored by the striking beauty of the Goddess, Chanda and Munda wanted to marry her. Goddess was so angry that she mutilated them instantly much to the relief of mankind who was also disturbed by them.

Ananthapura Lake Temple, Kasargod: 30 km from Bekal, this 9th century temple is the only lake temple in Kerala and is the moolasthanam (original abode) of Anandapadmanabha, the deity of Sree Padmanabha Swami Temple, Thiruvananthapuram. A crocodile at the temple pond, said to be 150 year old is a major attraction.[1]

Jain Temple: There are two old Jain Bastis at Bengara Manjeswar on the southern bank of the Manjeswar River.

Sree Mahalingeswara Temple, Adoor:(45 km from Kasaragod)located in wooded surroundings on the southern banks of the River Payaswini, this ancient Siva Temple contains a Sanskrit inscription in Kannada script which has been ascribed to the Western Chalukya King Kirthivarman II (745 - 755 AD).

AJANOOR The famous Madiyan Kulom temple is situated in Ajanur village. It is about five km from Kanhangad, the headquarters of Hosdurg taluk. The main deity of the temple is Bhadrakali; but there are also other deities like Kshetrapalan, Bhagavathi and Bhairavan. A peculiarity of this temple is that a Brahmin priest performs pooja only in the noon, while the morning and evening poojas are performed by a sect called Maniyanis. The festivals in the temple fall during the months of Edavam (May, June) and Dhanu (December, January) and on these days all the poojas are performed in connection with this festival.

ANANDASHRAM & NITYANANDASRAMAM: These are the two notable asramams in Kanhangad of Kasaragod District. [2]

Anandashramam, situated about five km east of the Kanhangad Railway Station, was founded in 1939 by Swami Ramadas, a great Vaishnava saint of modern times. The main asramam and other buildings have a beautiful setting in the midst of shady mango, coconut and other groves. There is a hill to the east of the asramam, to which the devotees retire for quiet meditation and from its west, the surrounding extensive landscape can be seen in its natural grandeur. The spot at the highest point of the hill is so fascinating that the devotees, who go up the hill and sit silently, are blessed with deep peace and tranquility.

The Nityanandasramam, which is situated on the hillock about half a km. south of the Hosdurg taluk office, was founded by Swami Nityananda.The spot was at first part of a forest area. Here Swami Nityananda constructed 45 guhas (caves) in a mountain slope. There is a temple built in 1963, after the style and design of the famous Somanatha Temple in Gujarat. A full size statue of Swami Nityananda in sitting posture made of "Panchaloha" is one of the attractions of the asramam.


BELA CHURCH: Our Lady of Sorrows Church - oldest in the district constructed in 1890 AD. 15 KM north of Kasargod. This Gothic style Roman Catholic church which is under the Manglore Diocese, has celebrated its centenary recently and also renovated.

BELLIKOTH Another centre in Ajanoor village renowned as the birth place of Poet P.Kunhiraman Nair, veteran freedom fighter and playwright Vidwan P.Kelu Nair and Rasika siromani Kanan Nair. A cultural centre of the district.

CHERUVATHUR The place of illustrious poets and scholars of Kuttamath Kunniyur family. The Veeramala hills at this place has the ruins of a Dutch fort built in the 18th century, is a picnic spot.

EDNEER MUTT It is 10 Km. North East of Kasargod. This Mutt belongs to the Sankaracharya tradition, presently renowned as a seat of art and learning.

GOVINDA PAI MEMORIAL In Manjeswar, is the native place of M.Govinda Pai (1883-1963), one of the greatest Kannada poets of modern time. He was conferred the title of "Poet Laureate" by the erstwhile Government of Madras. He is known as Rashtra Kavi Govinda Pai.

HOSDURG FORT The fort with its round bastion looks imposing from a distance. Somashekara Nayak of Ikkeri dynasty built the fort. The place made well known by the Nithyanandasram with 45 caves.

KAMMATAM KAVU An evergreen forest of about 50-60 acres with a perenial stream is a centre of worship connected with Kammadam Bhagavathi Temple.

KANJAN JUNGA 16 km east of Kasargod is an artist village, established by Artist P.S.Pununchithaya, the renowned artist of the west coast.

KANWATHEERTHA BEACH RESORT 3 Km. north of Manjeshwar, has a large swimming pool lake, and a beach of 4 Km. length. The swimming pool is formed by sea water in the neat vast beach is one of the gifts of nature.

KARIANGODE RIVER Running through the hills and dales of Hosdurg Taluk. Immorlised as Tejaswini by great novelist Niranjana laps on its shore. The famous village of Kayyur - the cradle of agrarian revolutions where the farmers and farm workers staged a historic battle against feudalism and the British imperialism.

KASARGOD TOWN The Municipal town is situated on the bank of river Chandragiri. The confluence of several languages and culture where eight languages are spoken. The splendor of Kasaragod Saree comparable to that of Kanjeepuram is a cynosure of the market. KOTTANCHERI HILLS The rain forest near Konnakkad 30 KM north- east of Kanhangad. Beautiful picnic centre and ideal for trekking. Thalakkaveri in the Brahmagiri mountain of Coorg is near this hills. Reflection of genetic beauty of Kodaikkanal.

KOTTAPPURAM Mud fort build by the Nileshwar Rajas and later annexed by Bednore Nayaks in the 18th century. A Juma masjid and a Hindu shrine stand close by. At Kottappuram, one can go for a refreshing stroll alongside the vast backwater stretches or can enjoy an exhilarating sun set in the evening. Or else, ride a country boat, try your fishing skills, or hop into a majestic houseboat and relax in the cool breeze to cruise the length and breadth of these palm-fringed backwaters. [3]

KUDLU Kasargod suburb - 4Km. towards north, where famous eight day discourse between Madhavacharya, the great Dwaita Philosopher and Trivikrama Pandit, the famous Adwaita Scholar took place, in the presence of King Jayasimha of Kumbla ended in the victory of Madhavacharya and the acceptance of Dwaita philosophy by Trivikrama Pandit. The 75 year old CPCRI - the premier plantation crop research institute is located here.

KUMBALA 13 Km. north of Kasargod. The ancient seat of Rajas of Kumbala. The town stands on a bold peninsula in a lagoon separated from the sea by a sand spit and connected to it by a narrow channel. Parthi Subbha, father of Yakshagana was born here in the 18th century. Famous Gopalakrishna temple situated here.

NELLIKUNNU MOSQUE Famous for Uroos, this mosque attracts thousands. Very near to Kasargod town. The Nercha celebration, during the second half of November, lasts for one week.

NILESHWAR Abbreviated form of Nilakanta Iswar. Formerly seat of Nileshwar Rajas who belonged to the Kolathiri family. The place witnessed the battle between Bednore Nayaks and Nileshwar Rajas. The cultural centre of the District. In and around there are several Kavus where nature, God and man commune serene silence. Major among them is Mannan purathu Kavu, where the grand finale of the annual temple festival of the region takes place. Porattu of Anjoottambalam Veerarkavu draws large crowds. Porattu is the satrical representation of everyday life presented in pageantry during the Poram.

PERNE Out of the 28 Muchilottu Bhagavathi temples, Perne in the northern most and the only one north of Chandragiri seema situated in the vicinity of Ananthapuram. The mass marriage at the time of Pooram festival in the month of Meenam is a unique feature of this temple.

POSADIGUMPE An ideal picnic centre and tourist resort located on a hillock 487.68 metres above sea level in Dharmathadka 30 KM north-east of Kasargod. From the hill top one can see the Arabian Sea, Manglore, Kudremukh, etc.

POVVAL FORT An old fashioned fort on the Kasargod-Mulleria route about 10 km from Kasargod.

RANIPURAM Formerly known as Madathumala. About 48 km east of Kanhangad. Lying 780 meters above sea level. In beauty and boundary of nature comparable to Ooty. An ideal place for trekking. Tourist cottages are available here.

TRIKARIPUR The old seat of Thazekkattu mana famous for T.S.Thirumumbu, poet and freedom fighter. Birth place of Guru Chandu Panikkar the famous Kathakali artist.

TRIKKANAD & PANDYAN KALLU A famous temple on the sea shore near the Bekal fort, dedicated to Lord Siva. Also known as Dhakshina Kashi. Pandyan Kallu, a rock rising in the sea about 2 KM from Trikkannad is an ideal place for adventurous swimmers. It has the legend that ship of one of the Pandya King who attacked the Trikkannad temple was converted into a rock by Lord Siva. Palakkunnu Bhagavathi Kshethram, one KM north of Trikkannad is famous for annual Bharani festival, which attracts thousands.

TULUR VANAM Also known as Kekulom (the eastern place). Near Panathur Temple here is consecrated to Kshethrapalan and Bhagavathy. Eight day annual festival attracts large crowd from all over the district as well as from Coorg.

VALIYAPARAMBA 5 km south west of Cheruvathur separated from the mainland by back waters. One of the main tourist spots of the District. This is an island in the Arabian Sea. An ideal place for picnic also a fishing centre.

VEERAMALA HILLS Situated at Cheruvathur. Hill top with ruins of a Dutch fort built in the 18th century. A picnic spot from where the natural beauty of Kariangode river and surroundings can be enjoyed.


Fairs and festivals

Onam and Vishu are the widely celebrated Festival here. Eid, Bakrid, Muharram are celebrated in accordance with time of Kozhikode andUdupi. These festials along with Shivaratri and Dasara are celebrated with much rigor by the people. And so is Deepavali.

There are local festivals like Kumbala Veddikett. Another festival of importance is Moodappaseva, a local festival celebrated in the Madhur Temple periodically. Kundamkuzhy Sree Panjalingeswara Kshethra Arattu Mahotsavam is very famous festival in this location.


Folk dances and traditions

The region is rich in traditional folk art forms. Muslims have their own common folk and celebration art forms such as Oppana, Kolkalli, Dauf muttal etc. Oppana is a celebration dance held on the eve of Muslim marriage, where the women to be married are decorated, with whom her friends and relatives do this ritual dance. Theyyam is the dominant folk art form.Yakshagana is also common, but only on sidelines. Kolkali, poorakkali, mangalam kali, maruthkali, etc are folk arts performed in connection with the temple festivals. Mogral is famous for its cultural programmes which has been run by many of cultural associations. There people are so fond of Mappilappattu. It had most famous poets like "Mogral Kavi".


Developments

Recent developments include the construction of a "Children's park". Also the railway station of Kasaragod has risen to the status of "Model Railway station". The Railway station at Kasaragod is one of the oldest in India, constructed at the time of British rule in India.

In Kerala Budget 2007, Government proposed to set up a Tulu academy at Kasaragod (Manjeshwar).

In 2008, The Government of India has allocated a Central University for Kerala and the Government of Kerala had proposed Kasargod as the location for the Central University, considering the educational backwardness of the region. [The Central Universities Bill, 2008, was introduced in the Lok Sabha in December 2008 to ensure that there is a Central University in every State of India]. Dr. Jancy James has been appointed as the first Vice Chancellor of the proposed Central University, Kasaragod.

Recently many Central Government establishments have openend their factories in the Industrial Park at Seethangoli. Notable being a manufacturing unit of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd., Ministry of Defence, Government of India. The initial investment for the project would be Rs.66.31 crore and production was expected to begin in the fourth quarter of 2009-10.[4][5]


Transport

Kasaragod city lies on the path of N.H-17. It is well connected by road to Cannanore (Kannur), BengaluruMangaloreCalicut,Cheruvathoor etc. Kasaragod is well connected by rail to parts of India such as TrivandrumKochiCalicutPayyanur, Cannanore, Mangalore,Thrissur,GoaSurat,JaipurChandigarhChennaiCoimbatoreJammu TawiKanyakumari etc. Nearest Airport is at Mangalore (49km).


Economy

Ship Building Industry

Thalangara was famous for trades and industries in the past itself. The ship building industry of Thalangara is a well known in India as well as foreign countries. In the past years a number of ships were built here and sold in various states of India and exported to foreign countries. Kasaragod economy is mainly agrarian. However Beedi work is a thriving industry. Cash crops such as Coconut, Rubber are grown and commercially exploited. Other industries include Tile manufacture, Timber industry etc. Foreign investment or N.R.I Income is high in this part of the state.

Thalangara Thoppi

Thalangara Thoppi (Cap), Thalangara's own product, was the most popular item in the past. It was produced domestically in the earlier years. In the past years, it was rare to find a home without involving in making these Thalangara Thoppi. Late K.S. Abdul Khader Haji, M.P. Abdul Khader Haji and Padhindadkal Mohammed Haji were the founders of this industry. The products were exporting mainly to gulf countries. This industry played an important role in the economy of Thalangara in those years. Due to the introduction of the cheap rated mechanised products, the hand made caps can not compete with them in the global market. Presently the production of Thalangara Caps are very less.


Politics

Kasaragod assembly constituency is part of Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency). CPI(M) member P.Karunakaran is the sitting MP from Kasargod.[6]